Douglas C-47 Skytrain also known as Dakota – military transport aircraft developed from the civilian Douglas DC-3 airliner. The C-47 differed from the civilian DC-3 in numerous modifications, including:
- fitted, two parts cargo doors on left side of fuselage,
- strengthened cargo section floor and
- cabin adopted to transport paratroopers.
The aircraft could take the load of 4540 kg. It was widely used by the Allies during World War II for for the transport of troops, cargo, and wounded, special missions, towing gliders. These aircraft were used to drop paratroopers over Normandy, the Netherlands and dropping supply troops in the Ardennes.
It remained in operation until the end of the 50’s. After the war, thousands of C-47 passed as military surplus for the purposes of civil air operations. For many years, they were standard on almost all airlines in the world.
British military versions were called Dakota. The name is derived from the acronym DACoTADouglas Aircraft Company Transport Aircraft. and it is also, according to the original pronunciation of the Santee dialect, Sioux (also Dakotas) name of Indian Tribe, inhabitants areas of North America.
Was manufactured in quantities of ~ 10’000 units, of which to this day remain a few aircraft C-47 Dakota.
- Country USA
- Producer Douglas Aircraft Company
- Type transportation aircraft
- Construction metal
- Crew 4-5 persons
- First flight 23 December 1941
- Quantity produced more than 10 000
- Engine 2 piston, star Pratt & Whitney R-1830
- Power 2 × 1200 HP (2 × 895 kW)
- Wingspan 28,96 m
- Long 19,64 m
- Height 5,18 m
- Wing area 91,80 m²
- Empty weight 7460 kg
- Gross weight 11260 kg
- Max speed 326 km/h (176 kn)
- Max cruising speed 291 km/h (157 kn)
- Min speed 107 km/h (58 kn)
- Rate of climb 5,7 m/s (18.7 ft/s)
- Service ceiling 7’170 m (23’523 feet)
- Range 2’400 km (1’295 Nm)