Douglas DC-3 (Douglas Commercial 3) – legendary American transport aircraft, created in 1935 to meet American Airlines demands for a plane with couchette, designed to operate night USA transcontinental flights. The company developed the first version of the Douglas DC-3, known as DSTDouglas Sleeper Transport. The first flight took place on December 17, 1935, during the 32nd anniversary of the first flight of the Wright Brothers. Scheduled flights of DST were inaugurated September 18, 1936.
DC-3 proved to be extremely successful aircraft, long-lived and grateful in exploatation. For more than 30 years after World War II were undertaken unsuccessful attempts to create a plane that would be worthy of his successor.
It can land almost anywhere – need just 700 m as of flat area. There were also created its test version XC-47C as a floatplane.
These aircrafts were in service with most airlines in the world, including LOT Polish Airlines.
During World War II, many civilian DC-3 has been incorporated into the Army Air Forces. Also were produced in large numbers of military versions – R-4D and C-47 called skytrain or Dacota. The second name mainly adopted by the British RAFRoyal Air Force from the shortcut DaCoTA meaning Douglas Aircraft Company Transport Aircraft).
And Dacota with registration SE-CFP, serial number 13883, our guest with charming name Daisy, is a plane from Sweden. It’s a real veteran.
Build in 1943 in DouglasDouglas Aircraft Company in Long Beach (California, USA), exactly as a version C-47-60-DL Skytrain (with enlarged cargo door, reinforced floor and enlarged fuel tanks). She took part in World War II on the side of the U.S. Air Force. Firstly in missions in Algeria and then in England.
After WWII, in 1945 returned to the U.S..
In 1946 was converted back to civilian DC-3 and sold to Air Canada. When converting to the DC-3 large cargo door were replaced by a ordinary passenger door, the cabin has been sound attenuated and installed more comfortable seats. That converted Daisy went in 1946 to Norway, where obtain registration LN-IAF.
In 1957 was sold to a Swedish company ABAAB Aero Transport where obtain registration SE-CFP used until this days. Became one of the first aircraft of the Swedish airline SASScanidinavian Airline System.
In 1960, due to the financial difficulties of the company, was with his sister SE-CRF sold to the Swedish Air Force. Serving there, among others, for the Red Cross humanitarian activities in Ethiopia, where over three months transported 826 passengers and 325 tons of cargo.
In 1982 Air Force during process of renewing its fleet sold Daisy for two private persons and after recovery of civil registration numbers SE-CFP her adventure in the foundation Flygande Veteraner have begun.
In 1986, during 40. anniversary of raising SASScanidinavian Airline System (and also their civil service), regained his painting Swedish airlines and placed on the nose of the name Fridtjof Viking. It was supposed to be just a one-time, temporary treatment, but SASScanidinavian Airline System decided to continue sponsoring associations Flygande Veteraner and after the cooperation end, agreed to leave the painting.
Daisy takes on board 24 passengers. It belongs to the Swedish Association of Flying Veterans Flygande Veteraner based for many years in Stockholm’s Bromma airport and now based in Vasteras. The organization has twenty-seven years of history, and more than 2’400 members traveling by air in Europe.
- Country USA
- Producer Douglas Aircraft Company
- Type transportation aircraft
- Construction metal
- Crew 4-5 persons
- First flight 23 December 1941
- Quantity produced more than 10 000
- Engine 2 piston, star Pratt & Whitney R-1830
- Power 2 × 1200 HP (2 × 895 kW)
- Wingspan 28,96 m
- Long 19,64 m
- Height 5,18 m
- Wing area 91,80 m²
- Empty weight 7460 kg
- Gross weight 11260 kg
- Max speed 326 km/h (176 kn)
- Max cruising speed 291 km/h (157 kn)
- Min speed 107 km/h (58 kn)
- Rate of climb 5,7 m/s (18.7 ft/s)
- Service ceiling 7’170 m (23’523 feet)
- Range 2’400 km (1’295 Nm)
On the basis: Flygande Veteraner, Christer Sidelöv, Wikipedia.