An-2, a large part of us will easily recognize from the distance the silhouette of this biplane characteristic of Polish aviation, which we are usually called “Antek”. It is a multi-task, single-engine, biplane, whose design was created in the design office of Oleg Antonov.
From 1949 in serial production, and from 1960 produced under license at the Polish airline PZL Mielec.
An-2, is an aircraft known under the more colloquial name of “Antek”. The design of this aircraft originates in the design office of Oleg Antonov. It goes into serial production in 1949. It is produced in the USSR, China and Poland.
One of the most important dates is 1960, when the production of this aircraft model begins in Mielec. In Mielec itself, over 11,500 An-2 were produced in various configurations, which is about 70% of all produced copies. In the best times, the production of one “Antka” was about 1.5 days. It is worth imagining how these Mielec plants were thriving. The high power engine used in both the Rzeszów and the Praga WSK plants, combined with the simple construction of the biplane, made the machine quickly applied throughout the entire globe, both in civilian and military versions. A very short run up and down after landing increases the operational capabilities of this aircraft, especially since it is not very demanding for the ground. In the passenger configuration it worked on short routes or hard to reach airports. In the military configuration it was suitable for transporting cargo, landing troops or observing the battlefield. In the agrotechnical modification, it worked perfectly well when handling arable fields. There were also versions that made it possible to perform operations on rivers or lakes. One of the more interesting versions is the An-2 PK configuration – the polar version with a built-in heater. It is worth noting at this point that An-2 does not have an anti-icing installation.
Despite the passage of time, finished production, we can still admire it in the sky, and its view on the other side of the world should not surprise. It is an airplane that still arouses many emotions and memories when it appears on the horizon. It is rated as an airplane requiring the pilot’s focus and precision, especially during take-off and landing. Hundreds of Polish pilots were at the controls of this machine. Just ask any An-2 pilot of the older generation, about the adventures associated with this plane and I guarantee that we will hear a lot of interesting and even chilling stories.
In summary, An-2 was tested on all continents, where he often worked hard in diverse atmospheric conditions. Hardly ever failed his pilots …
- Załoga: dwóch pilotów
- Długość: 12.40 m
- Rozpiętość skrzydeł: 18.18 m
- Wysokość: 4.10 m
- Pow. skrzydeł: 71.50 m²
- Masa własna: 3’450 kg
- Max. masa startowa: 5’500 kg
- Silnik: 1 * tłokowy, gwiazdowy ASz-62IR
- 736 kW (1’100 KM)
- Prędkość max: 140 kts (258 km/h)
- Prędkość przelotowa: 100 kts (185 km/h)
- Prędkość przeciągnięcia: 48 kts (90 km/h)
- Zasięg: 900 km (485 nm)
- Pułap: 4’400 m (14,500 ft)
- Prędkość wznoszenia: 5,7 m/s (11.6 ft/s)