North American Harvard II B (1943) and Harvard 4M (1951) are airplanes produced by two Canadian companies (Noorduyn and Canadian Car and Foundry, respectively) based on the American T-6 Texan design.
They are two-seater training aircraft equipped with Pratt & Whitney R-1340 Wasp engines with 450-600 hp. It is also very well known, the first model of the company’s engine, a great success, produced since 1920. Equipped with nine cylinders in a star-shaped system with a capacity of 22 liters.
They were produced in all varieties in total 20’110 pieces in the years 1938-1954.
The type used also in Korea or Africa. This year celebrates the 80th anniversary of the flight.
Harvard aircraft were used by the Polish pilot school in England and some fighter squadrons, eg 306 Torun.
After the war, Harvard and Texan planes were used as light bomber planes. They were also often used to indicate targets for faster jet, fighter-bombers – eg in Korea (US Air Force). French aviation used this type of combat during the war in Algeria in the fifties and sixties in significant quantities – about 300 copies.
Jan Zumbach, commander of 303 Squadron from 1942, organized the flight forces of the Central African state of Katanga in the 1960s. The core of these forces were 12 Texans, which mercenaries were flying, including Poles, during short but intense war operations.
T-6 Texan and Harvard planes are still very popular in the United States, around 600 years later. Airplanes have been rebuilt many times for the needs of films. The most well-known: Texan took part in the Tor Tor films and the Pearl Harbor attack as Japanese Zero planes.
A Harvard II B, produced in 1943 in Canada, served in the RCAF.
From 2011, he belonged to Marcin Kubrak, the head of pilots and co-owner of the EnterAir airline company. Marcin is piloting.
A Harvard 4M copy of the rebuilt T-6 war production in 1953 on Harvard 4M versions. From 2017, ownership of Jacek Mainka, who is piloting this plane.